Texas Longhorn Breed Evaluation Chart

This chart was designed to evaluate and judge Texas Longhorn Cattle. Individual producers may place more or less value on specific attributes.

Division Of By Points
Characteristics Desirable Questionable Undesirable Max. Actual
1 General Type Good length with moderate depth an thickness. Top of hips slightly higher than top of shoulders. Angular shaped body. Strong legs with free movement. bulls thicker and more heavily muscled than cows, exhibiting masculine crest development on neck at maturity.   Any evidence of hump directly over shoulder region or evidence of other than Longhorn breed conformation. 3  
2 Ears Medium to small, short round ears, pigmented and fitted horizontally under horns or sloping slightly upward. Longer, droopy ears. Extremely large and/or droopy ears. Unpigmented ears. 2  
3 Head Showing masculinity or femininity according to sex; moderate width with pronounced length. From poll to muzzle straight profile. Pigmented around eyes. Symmetrical eyes, and nose alignment. Wide blocky head. convex forehead. "Roman nose." Masculine or steer type head on cows. Steer type head on bulls. 4  
4 Muzzle Mealy mouthed or pigmented, wide and symmetrical. Teeth correctly aligned. Non-pigmented. Wry nose, overshot or under shot jaw. Harelip or deformed palate. 4  
5 Neck Trim on cows, muscular on bulls. Long with minimal loose skin. Ewe neck or very short. Pendulous dewlap. Masculine on cow. Feminine on bull. 4  
6 Shoulders Free moving, smooth. Well-muscled on bulls. blending smoothly to neck and ribs. Open on top sharply dropping down behind shoulders. Wide coarse or too vertical. 3  
7 Brisket Trim and free from excessive fleshiness. Excessive fat, downward sloping and excessive dewlap. Fullness in lower neck and brisket to give a Buffalo type silhouette. 2  
8 Tail Long with full switch. Very short tail. Wry tail or genetic bob tail. 2  
9 Back Strong straight topline with maximum length between the shoulders and hooks. Extreme swayback and shortness between shoulders and hooks. Long chine bones on cows extending much higher than shoulder blades revealing inconsistent calving history. 7  
10 Loin Broad and full rib eye area. Narrow and low. Extremely narrow and low. 4  
11 Ribs Well sprung elliptical. Slab sided.   2  
12 Hooks and Pins Reasonably prominent with good length between. Excessive narrowness between hooks. Short between hooks and pins. Excessive downward slope toward rear. 4  
13 Hindquarters Long, slightly sloping from hooks to pins. Full and well developed. High pins and tail head associated with tilted vulva. Short, narrow, extra droopy. Small and concave. 6  
14 Heart Girth Full on Bulls. Angular on Cows. Pinched girth. Deep chested non angular cows. 2  
15 Legs and Feet Squarely set, sound feet, legs, hocks, and joints with adequate bone. Hard hooves. Short legs, sickle hocks or "Post" legs - extra close weak hocks, very small bones. Mule footed. Unsoundness. Weak pasterns. 6  
16 Size and Flesh Easy fleshing. Adequate size for environment to show good gain and health. Small for age and environment. Unthrifty, chronic-poor flesh. Lacking mature size for environment. 6  
17 Hide Vascular and pliable. Too tight or excessive skin fold. Excessive sheath, neck flap or navel flap.   2  
18 Hair (dependent on environment) Cows - Short, straight, slick coat. Bulls - Coarse, wire-type hair on head and neck. Long hair in ears. Dull, dry bristly hair. Slow shedding in spring season. Long shaggy hair indicative of impurities such as Scotch Highland. 1  
19 Sheath Retracted prepuce, small orifice, flat small-sized navel flap.   Long pendulous sheath, non-retractable prepuce. Excessive navel flap on male and female. 3  
20 Udder and Teats Well attached udder, equally balanced quarters, pigmented small teats, and abundant milk production adequate to raise a fat calf. Teats too large for calf to nurse at birth. Hard, firm, meaty udder, unable to produce enough milk for her calf. 6  
21 Disposition Mild, tractable. Nervous Unmanageable 5  
22 Reproduction Early maturity and longevity. Cows - Regular calving and early puberty. bulls - Masculine, virile, high libido, high quality semen in volume. Abnormal reproductive organs. Cows - Slow breeders, late puberty, abortive. Bulls - Unmatched testes and below breed average scrotal circumferences. 6  
23 Color More varied than those of the Rainbow. Colors and mixes are so various that no two appear exactly alike. Wild, flamboyant, loud colors. color patterns that would indicate impurities such as Hereford markings. Non-pigmented around eyes, nose, ears, and teats. 6  
24 Horn Growth Cows - Wide, twisted outward, measuring 40" or more, tip to tip at maturity. Bulls - Horns with lateral length and a slight forward upward sweep of 46" or more tip to tip on mature bulls, and a base circumference of 12" or more. Cows - Horns that curve sharply upward and or measure under 35" tip to tip at maturity. Bulls - Horns that curve sharply upward and or inward with under 40" tip to tip at maturity. Small base circumference. Small amount of horn as to indicate impurities or below traditional horn size. 10  
Total Possible 100  
Total of Subject